breast self-examination

Breast Self-Examination- A step-by-step guide

October is observed worldwide as Breast Cancer Awareness Month, to create public awareness. As a woman, you are at risk of developing breast cancer. It is important for every woman to realize the importance of breast self-examination. Early identification of the disease is essential for effective treatment. Cancer is fully cured ad timely identification and treatment is an easy way for breast cancer to be automatically examined.

Breast Self-Examination Procedure

Women of all ages should have their own breast examined. Breast self-examination is easy to do at home at your own convenience. Any change or gland in the breast does not mean at all that you have cancer, because eight out of ten glands are not cancerous.

How often should you do your inspection?

Breast self-inspection should be done after a month so that you are familiar with the structure, appearance, and color of your breasts, and will easily feel any change in them.

Why self-examining your breast?

There are many benefits to doing a thorough inspection and this method is also very easy. Once you know what a normal breast is, you can easily identify any changes. You can do this test in 15 minutes along with the experience.

Timely diagnosis is the key to successful treatment”.

When to inspect yourself?

The time immediately following the end of the menstrual period is most appropriate. Inspection should be done at the same time as every month. If you are pregnant or you do not have a regular menstrual period you can still have your own examination, even if you are breastfeeding your baby. Do this after breastfeeding your baby. But make sure, you examine your breasts at the same time each month.

How to self-examine your breast?

The first method

  1. Stand in front of the mirror and consider for any unusual changes – Review your chests in four different variations.
  2. Keeping your arms straight with your face.
  3. Keeping your arms above your head.
  4. Placing your hands on your waist, pulling your chest muscles inward tightly.
  5. Keeping your hands on your waist and leaning forward.

Take a close look at both of your breasts to the right and left and note the above-mentioned points carefully. This video will help you to follow the above-mentioned steps of breast self-examination.

Things to Consider

Do not overlook any changes in the breasts, such as size, appearance, skin texture, and particular appearance of the skin, as well as any type of blemish or pressure or skin rash.

Note any changes in the nipple, for example, scratching or pushing one side inward, any change will be clearly seen by pulling on the chest muscles. It is important to review all angles.

The second method

  1. Lie straight on the waist and place a pillow under your right shoulder.
  2. Examine your right breast with the three middle fingers of your left hand.
  3. Rotate the circle (roughly equal to a coin) without first lifting the fingers, then lighten first and then press on medium again.
  4. In this way, examine your entire breast as well as the upper and lower sides and also the left breast using the right hand.
  5. This method can be repeated with a soap form while bathing.

What to do if you notice unusual changes?

All lumps are not dangerous. But it is important to inform your doctor of any changes – remember that breast muscle and structure often change with age and over time (e.g during menstruation).

Who is at greater risk of breast cancer?

The following reasons increase the chances of breast cancer:

Age: Breast cancer risk increases with age. The highest risk age is 55 to 75 years.

Inheritance Factors: Specific genes found in heredity increase the risk of breast cancer.

Family Factors: If you have a close relative, namely a mother or sister who has breast cancer, you are also likely to get the disease.

Radiation Effects: Even if you are under the influence of high radiation (UV, X-ray), you are more likely to have breast cancer.

Use of contraceptive pills: The use of contraceptive pills increases the chances of the disease.

Your age at first childbirth: Breast cancer is more likely to occur in women who are 30 years older at the first child’s birth.

Personal factors: People who have had breast cancer before are more likely to recur in the same breast or another breast.

Review your chances of developing breast cancer, examine yourself and get in touch with a doctor regularly.


Women over the age of 50 should undergo breast cancer tests every year.

Diagnosis of this disease

The easiest way is to personally examine your own breasts – a very effective test for mammogram cancer diagnosis.

Stay healthy, stay happy.

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